John Keats





    • Poems (1817)
    • Endymion (1818)
    • Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems (1820)
    • Poetical Works (1834)
    • Ode to a Nightingale (1884)

Ode to the Nightingale. Manuscript

  • Selected Poems (1885)
  • The Odes of Keats (1897)
  • Lyric Poems (1897)
  • Hyperion (1899)
  • Poems Published in 1820 (1909)


Other Works

  • Life, Letters, and Literary Remains (1848)
  • Letters of John Keats to Fanny Brawne Written in 1819 and 1820 (1878)
  • Letters (1883)

Keats' letter


Primary Sources

  • The Poems of John Keats, ed. Jack Stillinger, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978. Complete textual notes.
  • The Poems of Keats, ed. Miriam Allott. London: Longman, 1970. Notes, includes sources and allusions, and references to relevant letters.
  • John Keats: The Complete Poems, ed. John Barnard. Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1973. Extensive notes.
  • John Keats, ed. Elizabeth Cook. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990. Includes most of the letters, marginalia to Shakespeare Folio and Paradise Lost, and his review of Kean.
  • The Letters of John Keats, 1814-182 I, ed. Hyder E. Rollins, 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958. This is the standard edition.
  • The Letters of John Keats, ed. Robert Gittings. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970, 1979. The best paperback selection.
  • Robert Gittings, The Odes of Keats and Their Earliest Known Manuscripts in Facsimile, Kent State University Press, 1970



  • Poems (1817), Endymion (1818), and Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes & c (1819). Oxford: Woodstock Press, 1989-91, with introductions by the editor, Jonathan Wordsworth.
  • John Keats: Poetry Manuscripts at Harvard: A Facsimile Edition, ed. Jack Stillinger. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990.
  • The Manuscripts of the Younger Romantics: A Facsimile Edition, with Scholarly Introductions, Bibliographical Descriptions, and Annotations, ed. Donald H. Reiman. New York: Garland Press, 1985-89.
  • The Odes of Keats & Their Earliest Known Manuscripts in Facsimile, ed. Robert Gittings. Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1970



  • Milnes, Richard Monckton. Life, Letters, and Literary Remains, of John Keats. 2 vols. London: Edward Moxon, 1848; rpt. one-volume Everyman. London: Dent; New York: Dutton, 1969.
  • Colvin, Sidney. John Keats: His Life and Poetry His Friends Critics and After-Fame. London: Macmillan, 1917.
  • Lowell, Amy. John Keats. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 192.5.
  • Bate, Walter Jackson. John Keats. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963.

    This remains the definitive biography of Keats:
  • Ward, Aileen. John Keats: The Making of a Poet. New York: Viking, 1963.
  • Bush, Douglas. John Keats: His Life and Writings. New York: Collier, 1966.
  • Gittings, Robert. John Keats. London: Heinemann, 1968.
  • Marquess, William Henry. Lives of the Poet: The First Century of Keats Biography.University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1985.
  • Clark, Tom. Junkets on a Sad Planet. Santa Rosa, Calif.: Black Sparrow Press, 1994.

    A poetic biography:
  • Coote, Stephen. John Keats, A Life. London: Hodder, 1995.
  • Motion, Andrew. Keats. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1997.
  • Walsh, John Evangelist. Darkling I Listen: The Last Days and Death of John Keats, Palgrave Macmillan, 1999


Lifetime reviews, early reception

  • Keats: The Critical Heritage, ed. G. M. Matthews. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1971.
    Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine 3 (August 1818), 519-24.
  • The Romantics Reviewed: Contemporary Reviews of British Romantic Writers, ed. Donald Reiman. Part C: Shelley, Keats, and London Radical Writers. New York and London: Garland Press, 1972.
  • Ford, George H. Keats and the Victorians: A Study of His Influence and Rise to Fame, 1821-1895. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1944.


References and bibliographies (chronological)

  • The Keats Circle, ed. Hyder E. Rollins. 2nd edn. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965.
  • Stillinger, Jack. "John Keats," The English Romantic Poets: A Review of Research and Criticism, 4th edn, ed. Frank Jordan; New York: Modern Language Association, 1985, 665-718. See also Clarence D. Thorpe and David Perkins, "Keats," 3rd edn. (1972), 379-448.
  • Evert, Walter H. and Jack W. Rhodes. Approaches to Teaching Keats's Poetry. New York: Modern Language Association, 1991. Essays, bibliography, and other resources.



  • Barnard, John. John Keats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987.
  • Walter Jackson Bate, ed., Keats: A Collection of Critical Essays, 1964
  • Bennett, Andrew. Keats, Narrative and Audience: The Posthumous Life of Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Brooks, Cleanth. "Keats's Sylvan Historian: History Without Footnotes" (1944); The Well Wrought Urn: Studies in the Structure of Poetry (1947). New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1975, 151-66.
  • Cox, Jeffrey. Poetry and Politics in the Cockney School: Keats, Shelley, Hunt and their Circle. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
  • Curran, Stuart. Poetic Form and British Romanticism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.
  • Almeida, Hermione. Romantic Medicine and John Keats. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
  • ed. Critical Essays on John Keats. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1990.
  • Dickstein, Morris. Keats and His Poetry: A Study in Development. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1971.
  • Ende, Stuart. Keats and the Sublime. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976.
  • Fry, P. "History, Existence and 'To Autumn," Studies in Romanticism 25 (1986), 211-19.
  • Gittings, Robert. The Mask of Keats. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1956.
  • Hirst, Wolf Z. John Keats. Boston: Twayne, 1981.
  • Jones, John. John Keats's Dream of Truth. London: Chatto and Windus, 1969.
  • Kucich, Greg. Keats, Shelley, and Romantic Spenserianism. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1991.
  • Lau, Beth. Keats's Reading of the Romantic Poets. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991.
  • Levinson, Marjorie. Keats's Life of Allegory: The Origins of a Style. New York: Basil Blackwell, 1988.
  • McGann, Jerome J. The Beauty of Inflections: Literary Investigations in Historical Method & Theory (1985). Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988, 9-65.
  • Perkins, David. The Quest for Permanence: The Symbolism of Wordsworth, Shelley, and Keats. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1959.
  • Ricks, Christopher. Keats and Embarrassment. London: Oxford University Press, 1976.
    Roe, Nicholas. John Keats and the Culture of Dissent. Oxford: Clarendon Press,
  • ed. Keats and History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Ryan, Robert. Keats, the Religious Sense. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976.
  • Ryan, Robert and Ronald Sharp, eds. The Persistence of Poetry: Bicentennial Essays on Keats. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1998.
  • Rzepka, Charles J. The Self as Mind: Vision and Identity in Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986, 165-242.
  • Scott, Grant E. The Sculpted Word: Keats, Ekphrasis, and the Visual Arts. Hanover: University Press of New Hampshire, 1994.
  • Sharp, Ronald. Keats, Skepticism, and the Religion of Beauty. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1979.
  • Sheats, Paul. Coleridge, Keats, and the Imagination: Romanticism and Adam's Dream. Columbia:University of Missouri Press, 1990.
  • Sperry, Stuart M. Keats the Poet. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.
  • Vendler, Helen. The Odes of John Keats. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1983.
  • Vogler, Thomas, Preludes to Vision: The Epic Venture. Berkeley: University ofCalifornia Press, 1971.
  • Waldoff, Leon. Keats and the Silent Work of Imagination. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985.
  • Wasserman, Earl R. The Finer Tone: Keats' Major Poems. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1953.
  • Watkins, Daniel P., Keats's Poetry and the Politics of the Imagination. Madison: Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1989.
  • Wolfson, Susan J. The Questioning Presence: Wordsworth, Keats, and the Interrogative Mode in Romantic Poetry. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986.
  • Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Keats, Cambridge University Press, 2001.